Optometrist Grade II - Health Services (058/2020) - Cat. No: 428/2019 Question Paper and Answer Key

Question Code: 058/2020

Medium of Question- English

Name of Post: Optometrist Grade II (SR from SC/ST & ST)

Department: Health Services

Cat. No: 428/2019

Date of Test: 01.12. 2020

1. The circumcorneal congestion of eyeball is due to dilatation of
 A) Anterior conjunctival vessels
 B) Posterior conjunctival vessels
 C) Anterior ciliary vessels
 D) Posterior ciliary vessels
2. The corneal epithelium is
 A) Simple cuboidal
 B) Simple columnar
 C) Stratified squamous
 D) None of the above

 3. Normal endothelial count of the cornea is
 A) 250 cells/mm2
 B) 2500 cells/mm2
 C) 5000 cells/mm2
 D) None of the above

 4. Normal depth of the middle part of the anterior chamber is
 A) 0.5 mm
 B) 1 mm
 C) 2.5 mm
 D) 5 mm

 5. Corneal epithelium develops from
 A) Surface ectoderm
 B) Mesoderm
 C) Neural crest
 D) Neural ectoderm

 6. Which is not true regarding iris ?
 A) The iris is thinnest at its attachment to the ciliary body
 B) The stroma is covered on its posterior surface by two layers of epithelium
 C) Dilator pupillae is arranged radially near the root of the iris
 D) Sphincter pupillae is supplied by the sympathetic nervous system

 7. Sensory supply of iris is
 A) II cranial N
 B) III cranial N
 C) IV cranial N
 D) V cranial N

 8. Which is the vascular coat of the eyeball ?
 A) Sclera
 B) Choroid
 C) Retina
 D) Tenon’s capsule

 9. The weakest wall of the orbit is
 A) Superior wall
 B) Inferior wall
 C) Medial wall
 D) Lateral wall

 10. All are filamentous fungi except
 A) Aspergillus
 B) Fusarium
 C) Candida
 D) Penicillium

 11. Bipolar cells are situated in which layer of the retina ?
 A) Outer nuclear layer
 B) Inner nuclear layer
 C) Outer plexiform layer
 D) Inner plexiform layer

 12. The posterior end of which muscle insertion almost overlies the macula ?
 A) Superior oblique muscle
 B) Inferior oblique muscle
 C) Superior rectus muscle
 D) Lateral rectus muscle

 13. Lateral part of superior orbital fissure transmits the following structures except
 A) Oculomotor N
 B) Lacrimal N
 C) Frontal N
 D) Trochlear N

 14. Action of superior rectus is
 A) Elevation, adduction, intorsion
 B) Elevation, abduction, intorsion
 C) Elevation, adduction, extorsion
 D) Elevation, abduction, extorsion

 15. Which gland is situated in the tarsal plate ?
 A) Zeis gland
 B) Gland of moll
 C) Kraure’ gland
 D) Meibomian gland

 16. All of the following muscles have two arteries to supply except
 A) Medial rectus
 B) Lateral rectus
 C) Superior rectus
 D) Inferior rectus

 17. Normal flora of the conjunctival sac consists of
 A) Staphi epidermidis
 B) Diphtheroids
 C) Neisseria catarrhalis
 D) All of the above

 18. Extended wear contact lens wearers are prone for corneal infection caused by
 A) Nocardia
 B) Aspergillus
 C) Acanthamoeba
 D) Haemophilus

 19. Yoke muscle of superior rectus is
 A) Inferior rectus
 B) Inferior oblique
 C) Superior oblique
 D) None of the above

 20. The refractive index of cornea is
 A) 1.237
 B) 1.376
 C) 1.427
 D) 1.473

 21. A convex lens of + 2.0 diopters has a focal distance of
 A) 2 m
 B) 0.5 m
 C) 2 cm
 D) 0.5 cm

 22. In Jackson’s cross cylinder, the combination is
 A) Spherical component is half the strength and opposite power of the cylinder
 B) Cylinder is half the spherical strength and opposite power of the sphere
 C) Both are equal in strength and opposite in power
 D) None of the above

 23. Scissor shadow is seen in
 A) Corneal scarring
 B) Keratoconus
 C) Irregular astigmatism
 D) All of the above

 24. Light rays passing through a prism are deviated
 A) towards apex
 B) towards base
 C) through the base
 D) none of the above

 25. The refractive index of the lens nucleus is
 A) 1.386
 B) 1.41
 C) 1.39
 D) 1.389

 26. The maximum limit of difference in image size between the two eyes which can be tolerated is
 A) 1%
 B) 5%
 C) 8%
 D) 10%

 27. Towards the point of reversal in retinoscopy
 A) the nodal point of the observer tends to coincide with the far point of the subject
 B) the far point of the observer tends to coincide with the nodal point of the subject
 C) the movement of the retinoscopy reflex becomes slower
 D) none of the above
28. Cycloplegics
 A) stimulate accommodation
 B) inhibit accommodation
 C) blur distant vision
 D) produce miosis

 29. The angle of incidence for which the angle of refraction is 90º is called
 A) The angle of refraction
 B) Critical angle
 C) Axial ray
 D) Critical ray

 30. Which among the following is not a cycloplegic ?
 A) Atropine
 B) Homatropine
 C) Cyclopentolate
 D) Phenylephrine

 31. For every 1 mm change in the radius of curvature of cornea, the refraction changes by
 A) 4 dioptre
 B) 5 dioptre
 C) 6 dioptre
 D) 8 dioptre

 32. Image formation at different distances in the two principal meridians is called
 A) Presbyopia
 B) Emmetropia
 C) Astigmatism
 D) Myopia

 33. The amount of hypermetropia which may be overcome by accommodation is
 A) Latent hypermetropia
 B) Facultative hypermetropia
 C) Manifest hypermetropia
 D) None of the above

 34. Spherical aberration is eliminated in
 A) Periscopic lenses
 B) Meniscus lenses
 C) Aplanatic lenses
 D) All of the above

 35. De-centering of lenses is useful in
 A) Asymmetrical face
 B) Correction of squint
 C) For near work
 D) All of the above

 36. 10 L power calculation depends on all except
 A) Axial length of eye
 B) Anterior chamber depth
 C) Keratometry values
 D) Corneal thickness

 37. Indication for use of cycloplegics in refraction include
 A) in children
 B) in convergent squint
 C) with sparm of accommodation
 D) all of the above

 38. The hypermetropia which is unmasked by cycloplegics is called
 A) Absolute hypermetropia
 B) Manifest hypermetropia
 C) Total hypermetropia
 D) Latent hypermetropia

 39. Advantages of contact lenses over spectacles
 A) Greater field of vision
 B) Cosmetically acceptable
 C) Aberrations associated with spectacles eliminated
 D) All of the above

 40. Shortest acting cycloplegic is
 A) Phenylephrine
 B) Tropicamide
 C) Homatropine
 D) Cyclopentolate

 41. Image magnification is direct ophthalmoscopy
 A) 2 times
 B) 5 times
 C) 10 times
 D) 15 times

 42. A concave lens always produces a ____________ image of the object.
 A) Real, inverted and diminished
 B) Virtual, erect and diminished
 C) Real, inverted and magnified
 D) Virtual, erect and magnified

 43. Total diopteric power of the eye
 A) + 15 dioptre
 B) + 43 dioptre
 C) + 58 dioptre
 D) + 70 dioptre

 44. Aniseikonia is due to
 A) Spherical aberration
 B) Chromatic aberration
 C) Unequal size of ocular images
 D) Unequal image clarity

 45. The bending of light rays around the aperture of a pinhole is due to
 A) Refraction
 B) Dispersion
 C) Diffraction
 D) Reflection

 46. Wavelength of visible light is
 A) 397 – 723 nm
 B) 350 – 750 nm
 C) 293 – 710 nm
 D) 305 – 795 nm

 47. Image formed by a convex mirror irrespective of the place of object is
 A) Virtual, erect and diminished
 B) Virtual, erect and magnified
 C) Real, inverted and diminished
 D) Real, inverted and magnified

 48. Following are used for nomenclature of prisms
 A) Centrad
 B) Prism dioptre
 C) Angle of deviation
 D) All of the above

 49. If the object is at infinity in front of a convex lens an image is formed at the
 A) Infinity
 B) Centre of curvature
 C) Focal point
 D) Between centre of curvature and focal point

 50. In a Sturmsconoid with vertical meridian more curved than the horizontal meridian the image formed at point B is
 A) Oval ellipse
 B) Horizontal line
 C) Vertical line
 D) Circle

 51. Bausch and Lamb keratometer works on the principle of
 A) Variable image size and variable object size
 B) Variable object size and constant image size
 C) Constant object size and variable image size
 D) Constant object size and constant image size

 52. The maximum power of cylinder in an usual trial set is
 A) 9 dioptre
 B) 4 dioptre
 C) 5 dioptre
 D) 6 dioptre

 53. Scheiners principle is used in
 A) Keratometry
 B) Phoropter
 C) Autorefractometer
 D) Streak retinoscopy

 54. Which is not true about Duochrome test ?
 A) It is based on chromatic aberration
 B) It is a subjective method of refraction
 C) Red and green goggles are necessary
 D) The normal human eye is myopic for blue colour

 55. False about Jacksons cross cylinder
 A) It is used to check the accuracy of axis and power of cylinder
 B) The principle of oblique cylinders is used to check the axis
 C) The cylindrical power is half the power of the sphere
 D) The handle is set at an angle of 45 degree from the axis of the cylinder

 56. Rigid intraocular lens is made up of
 A) Acrylic
 C) Silicon
 D) Hydrogel

 57. SRK formula is
 A) P = A – 2.5 L – 0.9 K
 B) P = A + 2.5 L + 0.9 K
 C) P = A + 0.9 K – 2.5 K
 D) P = A – 0.9 K – 2.5 L

 58. Synaptophore is used to
 A) Measure objective and subjective angles of squint
 B) Assess degrees of binocular single vision
 C) All of the above
 D) None of the above
59. Following are limitations of aphakic glasses except
 A) Roving ring scotoma
 B) Image magnification by 30%
 C) Accommodation is present
 D) Spherical aberration produces pin cushion effect

 60. Pupilometer is used to
 A) Check inter pupillary distance
 B) Pupil reaction
 C) Relative afferent pupillary defect
 D) Pupil size

 61. The usual pantoscopic tilt of spectacles is around
 A) 15º
 B) 7º
 C) 20º
 D) 25º

 62. Most commonly used broad spectrum topical antibiotic is
 A) Moxifloxicin
 B) Levofloxicin
 C) Gentamicin
 D) Tobramycin

 63. The usual size of pinhole is
 A) 1.2 mm
 B) 3 mm
 C) 0.5 mm
 D) 1.5 mm

 64. Instrument used to assess the shape of anterior surface of cornea is
 A) Retinoscope
 B) Phoropter
 C) Placidosdisc
D) Ophthalmoscope

 65. RAF rule is used for all except
 A) Near point of accommodation
 B) Near point of convergence
 C) Orthoptic exercises
 D) Pupil size

 66. The most accurate method of intraocular pressure measurement is
 A) Schiotz tonometer
 B) Tonopen
 C) Goldman Applanation tonometer
 D) Perkins tonometer

 67. The most preferred technique of automated perimetry is
 A) Goldmann perimetry
 B) Octopus perimetry
 C) Listers perimetry
 D) Humphrey field analyser

 68. Ectatic cicatrix of cornea in which iris is incarcerated is known as
 A) Leucoma
 B) Adherent leucoma
 C) Anterior staphyloma
 D) Macula

 69. Antifungal drug used for corneal ulcer
 A) Natamycin
 B) Acyclovir
 C) Gentamicin
 D) Ganciclovir

 70. Prostaglandin analogue used for treatment of primary open angle glaucoma
 A) Brimonidine
 B) Latanoprost
 C) Dorzolamide
 D) Brinzolamide

 71. Follicles in conjunctiva are seen with all except
 A) Trachoma
 B) Viral conjunctivitis
 C) Spring catarrh
 D) Pilocarpine
72. Strongest cycloplegic mydriatic drug is
 A) Atropine
 B) Homatropine
 C) Cyclopentolate
 D) Tropicamide

 73. The most common cause of bilateral proptosis is
 A) Pseudotumor
 B) Lymphoma
 C) Thyroid eye disease
 D) Secondaries

 74. All are causes of ptosis except
 A) Third nerve palsy
 B) Horners syndrome
 C) Lidtumors
 D) Coloboma lid

 75. Probing is done for
 A) Chronic dacryocystitis
 B) Congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction
 C) Acute dacryocystitis
 D) Mucocoele of lacrimal sac

 76. Following are fungi causing corneal ulcer except
 A) Candida
 B) Fusarium
 C) Aspergillus
 D) Staphylococcus

 77. Following are causes of optic disc oedema except
 A) Papilloedema
 B) Central retinal venous occlusion
 C) Optic atrophy
 D) Optic neuritis

 78. Total number of layers in retina
 A) 10
 B) 8
 C) 11
 D) 12

 79. All of the following are age related acquired cataract except
 A) Cortical cataract
 B) Posterior subcapsular cataract
 C) Lamellar cataract
 D) Nuclear cataract

 80. All of the following are associated with acute anterior uveitis except
 A) Cells
 B) Flare
 C) Keratic precipitates
 D) Choroiditis

 81. Angle of anterior chamber is visualised by
 A) Tonometry
 B) Gonioscopy
 C) Slit lamp biomicroscopy
 D) Ophthalmoscopy

 82. Which among the following are grade of Binocular single vision ?
 A) Simultaneous perception
 B) Fusion
 C) Stereopsis
 D) All of the above

 83. Manifest divergent squint is
 A) Esotropia
 B) Exotropia
 C) Esophoria
 D) Exophoria

 84. The most common type of Amblyopia among the following is
 A) Strabismic amblyopia
 B) Meridional amblyopia
 C) Ametropic amblyopia
 D) Stimulus deprivation amblyopia

 85. Angle between optical axis and pupillary axis is known as
 A) Angle kappa
 B) Angle gamma
 C) Angle alpha
 D) Angle delta

 86. Most severe chemical injuries occur with
 A) Inorganic acids
 B) Alkali
 C) Salts
 D) Organic acids

 87. Rosette shaped cataract is seen in
 A) Penetrating trauma
 B) Blunt trauma
 C) Rupture globe
 D) Perforating trauma

 88. The type of retinal detachment which occurs following retinal tears or holes is
 A) Rhegmatogenous
 B) Exudative
 C) Tractional
 D) All of the above

 89. Laser photocoagulation is done for which of the following stage of Diabetic retinopathy ?
 A) Mild non proliferative
 B) Moderate non proliferative
 C) High risk proliferative
 D) Tractional detachment

 90. Bifocals are prescribed in which type of squint ?
 A) Exotropia for distance
 B) Esotropia for distance
 C) Esotropia for near
 D) Exotropia for near

 91. Who is the Chairman of District Blindness Control Society ?
 A) District Magistrate
 B) District Collector
 C) Chief Medical Officer
 D) Civil Surgeon

 92. Vision 2020 aims to bring down blindness to how much percentage by the year 2020 ?
 A) 1%
 B) 0.3%
 C) 0.75%
 D) 2.2%

 93. Post mortem enucleation for corneal transplantation should be ideally done within how many hours of death ?
 A) 8 – 12 hours
 B) 4 – 6 hours
 C) 10 – 12 hours
 D) 24 hours

 94. The year in which NPCB was launched in India
 A) 1976
 B) 1974
 C) 1984
 D) 1986

 95. Blindness in premature and low birth weight infants can occur due to
 A) Retinoblastoma
 B) Retinopathy of prematurity
 C) Retinitis
 D) Choroiditis

 96. Sterilisation with steam under pressure is done by
 A) Hot air oven
 B) Autoclaving
 C) Ethylene oxide
 D) Gluteraldehyde

 97. Following are optical low visual aids except
 A) Stand magnifier
 B) Closed circuit television
 C) Telescope
 D) White cane

 98. SAFE strategy is implemented for control of
 A) Diabetes
 B) Childhood blindness
 C) Trachoma
 D) Injuries

 99. The most common cause of blindness in India is
 A) Diabetic retinopathy
 B) Glaucoma
 C) Age related macular degeneration
 D) Cataract

 100. Sterilisation of operation theatre is done by
 A) Formaldehyde
 B) Ethylene oxide
 C) Hot air oven
 D) Gluteraldehyde

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