Research Assistant (Linguistics) Questions and Answers

Question Paper Code: 170/2023/OL
Category Code: 742/2021
Exam: Research Assistant (Linguistics)
Date of Test 21-12-2023
Department KIRTADS

Question1:-Match the following
             List I                 List II
a.   Breeks J.W.           1. An Account of the Primitive Tribes and Monuments of the
b. Gravely F.H.            2. Gramophone Records of languages and Dialects of Madras
c. Luiz A.A.D.              3. Tribes of kerala
d.Thurston E.              4. Castes and Tribes of Southern India                    
        A:-a-1   b-2   c-3   d-4
        B:-a-2   b-1   c-3   d-4  
        C:-a-4   b-2   c-3   d-1
        D:-a-1   b-3   c-4   d-2
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question2:-Identify the Nilagiri tribe/tribes among the following
        Correct Answer:- Option-D

Question3:-Which is the correct explanation for asymmetric intelligibility?
        A:-A speakers of one language can read and write another language but not to speak
        B:-Speaker of one language understand another language, but not the other way around
        C:-A speaker of one language can speak another language but not to read and write
        D:-The situation where mutual intelligibility prevails only among younger generation
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question4:-Which one of the following is the correct explanation for the term "Linguistic Distance"?
        A:-The measure of how different one language or dialect is from another
        B:-The spatial distance between two language or dialect areas
        C:-The zone between the ending of a dialect area and the beginning of another dialect area
        D:-The term used to denote marginalization of linguistic minority
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question5:-Which of the following article of Indian constitution provides "Any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part thereof having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same"
        A:-Article 17
        B:-Article 39
        C:-Article 29
        D:-Article 39A
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question6:-In which of the following work the term "idiolect" was coined?
        A:-Principles of the history of language
        B:-Course in general linguistics
        C:-A set of postulates for phonemic analysis
        D:-A functional view of language
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question7:-In which district/districts of Kerala Maha Malasars are inhabited?
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question8:-Which of the following term is used to describe the different language resources available to a single person and the values associated with each resource?
        A:-Linguistic inventory
        B:-Linguistic landscape
        C:-Linguistic capital
        D:-Linguistic identity
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question9:-In which of the following states 'Chenchu' inhabited?
(i)   Andhra Pradesh
(ii) Telangana
(iii) Odisha
(iv) Karnataka
        A:-(i) and (ii)
        B:-(i) and (iii)
        C:-(iii) only
        D:-(i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
        Correct Answer:- Option-D

Question10:-Which one of the following is not included in the four subdivisions of Kurichiyam
(i)   Kunnam Kurichian
(ii) Anchilla Kurichian
(iii) Pathiri Kurichian
(iv) Mullu Kurichian
        A:-(iii) only
        B:-(iv) only
        C:-(i) and (ii)
        D:-(i) and (iii)
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question11:-Which of the following is/are related to a moribund language?
(i)    A language that will almost certainly become extinct in the near future
(ii)   A language that no children speak as their first language
(iii) A language that is considered prestigious when it is spoken by those in power
(iv) A language that is revived through revitalization efforts
        A:-(i) and (ii)
        B:-(ii) and (iv)
        C:-(i) only
        D:-(iv) only
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question12:-Who developed the tool typecraft?
        A:-James F Allen and Eric Brill
        B:-Dorothee Beermann and Atle Prange
        C:-Russell Gray and Dorothee Beermann
        D:-Diane Litman and Atle Prange
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question13:-Which of the following is the fifth stage in the Fishman's Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale for Threatened Languages?
        A:-Local mass media is available in the minority language, along with some governmental services
        B:-Speakers of the minority language belong only to the older generations
        C:-The few remaining speakers of the minority language are socially isolated
        D:-Literacy in the minority language is common across all generations, although it is not supported through the school system
        Correct Answer:- Option-D

Question14:-Which of the following are not included in the evaluative factors of language vitality in the UNESCO document 2003?
(i)   Intergenerational Language Transmission
(ii) Response to new domains and media
(iii) Intergenerational Disruption scale
(iv) Improving living conditions and respect for the human rights of speaker communities
        A:-(i) and (ii)
        B:-(iii) and (iv)
        C:-(i) and (iv)
        D:-(ii) and (iv)
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question15:-Who introduced the term logosphere to describe the web linking the world's languages?
        A:-Joshua A Fishman
        B:-Michael E Krauss
        C:-Lewis and Simons
        D:-Luisa Maffi
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question16:-Which is the label and degree of endangerment assigned to the description "the language is used for local and regional work by both insiders and outsiders" in the Expanded Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale by Lewis and Simons (2010)?
        A:-Trade, Safe
        B:-Regional, Safe
        C:-Educational, Safe
        D:-Vigorous, Safe
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question17:-Which is the term used by Lewis and Simons (2010) to refer to the extent to which a language is used to facilitate communication among those who speak different first languages?
        A:-Lingua Franca
        C:-Vehicular language
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question18:-When and where the convocation of the world conference on Linguistic Rights (WCLR) was held?
        A:-6th to 8th June, 1996 in Barcelona
        B:-6th to 8th August, 1996 in Barcelona
        C:-6th to 8th August, 1996 in Vienna
        D:-6th to 8th June, 1996 in Vienna
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question19:-The utmost important eco-regions among the eco-regions mapped by WWF in the maintenance of world ecological viability is called as
        A:-Global 238 Eco-regions
        B:-Regional 200 Eco-regions
        C:-Global 200 Eco-regions
        D:-Regional 238 Eco-regions
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question20:-Which of the following is/are considered as inalienable personal rights by the Universal Declaration of Linguistic Rights?
(i)     The right to be recognized as a member of a language community
(ii)    The right to the use of one own name
(iii)   The right to maintain and develop one's own culture
(iv)   All the rights recognized by the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
        A:-(i) and (iv)
        B:-(i), (iii) and (iv)
        C:-(i), (ii) and (iv)
        D:-(i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
        Correct Answer:- Option-D

Question21:-Which article of the Universal Declaration of Linguistic Rights declares that all language communities are entitled to the official use of their language within their territory?
        A:-Article 16
        B:-Article 17
        C:-Article 15
        D:-Article 18
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question22:-Who has written the preface to the Universal Declaration of Linguistic Rights?
        A:-Oriol Ramon
        B:-Carles Torner
        C:-Nelson Mandela
        D:-Noam Chomsky
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question23:-Who is the editor in chief of UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger?
        A:-Christopher Moseley
        B:-Alexandre Nicolas
        C:-Irina Bokova
        D:-None of the above
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question24:-According to Stuart Blackburn and Jean Robert Opgenort, in which region the endangered languages in India was clustered?
        A:-North-West and Central-West India
        B:-South-West and South-East India
        C:-North-East and Central-East India
        D:-North-West and North-East India
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question25:-In which state two-third of the total population are mother-tongue speakers of one of approximately thirty endangered languages?
        A:-Arunachal Pradesh
        D:-Madhya Pradesh
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question26:-Which of the following tribal language in Kerala is enlisted in the third edition of UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger?
        Correct Answer:- Option-D

Question27:-How many languages of the Indian Subcontinent are mapped in the third edition of UNESCO Atlas of the World's languages in Danger?
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question28:-According to the 2011 census, what is the estimated population of Cholanikan tribes in kerala?
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question29:-Which one of the following is not included in the ten territories of Cholanikans?
        Correct Answer:- Option-D

Question30:-Which of the following are the non-Indian languages mapped in the third edition of UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger?
        A:-Pale and Riang
        B:-Sanenyo and Sentilese
        C:-Shompen and Sora
        D:-Takahanyilang and Onge
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question31:-The linguistic convergence between among typologically distinct languages is known as
        D:-Genetically Related
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question32:-The official language of Meghalaya is
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question33:-Which of the following speech sounds are Dravidian loans into IndoAryan?
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question34:-Brahui language belongs to the
        A:-Indo-Aryan Family
        B:-Tibeto-Burman family
        C:-Austro-Asiatic family
        D:-Dravidian family
        Correct Answer:- Option-D

Question35:-The study of the changes and developments of the same language at different periods is
        A:-Comparative Linguistics
        B:-Historical Linguistics
        C:-Contrastive Linguistics
        D:-Synchronic Linguistics
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question36:-A linguistic area indicates
        A:-share linguistic features within a language family
        B:-geographical boundaries of a language family
        C:-shared linguistic features across language family
        D:-linguistic features separating language families
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question37:-In some languages words typically contain a linear sequence of morphs and therefore these languages are known as
        D:-None of the above
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question38:-Mutual intelligibility is a criterion used in Linguistics for identifying
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question39:-The concept of Diglossia was given by
        A:-Charles A. Ferguson
        B:-Peter E. Hook
        C:-Joshua A. Fishman
        D:-Dell Hymes
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question40:-The Dravadian language spoken outside of Indian Territory is
        C:-Dhangar Kurukh
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question41:-Who has compiled and edited Linguistics survey of India in 1981?
        A:-Anvita Abbi
        B:-George Grierson
        C:-Shobha Chelliah
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question42:-Which among the following is central to the goals of language documentation?
        A:-Language revitalization
        B:-Language Teaching
        C:-Audio and Video recording
        D:-Writing Grammar
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question43:-Which is the key factor in language maintenance?
        A:-Negative Language Attitudes
        B:-Language Pride
        C:-Making it as a schedule language
        D:-Funding to the community people
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question44:-Language documentation is
        A:-Digital collection of data
        B:-Writing grammar
        C:-Developing script
        D:-Making dictionaries
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question45:-A path breaking work India as a linguistic area was done by
        A:-Bh. Krishnamurti
        B:-P.S. Subramaniyam
        C:-Kamil Zvelabil
        D:-M.B. Emeneau
        Correct Answer:- Option-D

Question46:-Dravidian Languages are
        A:-Synthetic languages
        B:-Isolating languages
        C:-Agglutinative languages
        D:-Mixed languages
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question47:-Which is not the classical language of India
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question48:-Restricted and Elaborated Codes are developed by
        A:-William Labov
        B:-Noam Chomsky
        C:-Basil Bernstein
        D:-K.L. Pike
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question49:-A person who is fluent in more than two languages is called
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question50:-A comparative grammar of South Indian Languages was written by
        A:-Robert Caldwell
        B:-Denial Jones
        C:-V.I. Subramanian
        D:-E. Annamalai
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question51:-Ethno linguistics is the
        A:-study of speech variation
        B:-study of language maintenance
        C:-study of language and culture
        D:-study of speech pathology
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question52:-Giving grammatical labels to the parts of sentence is called
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question53:-A language at the verge of extinction is called
        A:-Dead language
        B:-Endangered language
        C:-Classical language
        D:-Official language
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question54:-How many languages are included in the eight schedule of the Indian constitution?
        Correct Answer:- Option-D

Question55:-Language maintenance or loss in a bilingual situation is studied under
        C:-Forensic linguistics
        D:-Descriptive linguistics
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question56:-Which linguistic fieldwork tool primarily focuses on facilitating interlinear glossing and morphological analysis?
        A:-Say More
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question57:-Among the listed tools, which one is specifically designed for the annotation and analysis of audio and video data?
        A:-Google Docs
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question58:-Seven dimension of portability in linguistic tools refers to
        A:-Integration with diverse operating systems
        B:-Adaptability to various linguistic theories
        C:-Compatibility with multiple device types
        D:-Flexibility in data export and import formats
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question59:-Metadata and archiving in linguistic fieldwork tools primarily aim to
        A:-Enhance data security
        B:-Ensure compatibility with social media platforms
        C:-Enable efficient data retrieval and management
        D:-Facilitate real-time collaboration among linguists
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question60:-Which tool among the listed ones emphasizes metadata creation for linguistic documentation?
        A:-Say More
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question61:-Linguistic standards of documentation primarily focus on
        A:-Standardization of linguistic theories
        B:-Ensuring compatibility across different linguistic databases
        C:-Establishing norms for consistent and comprehensive documentation
        D:-Promoting the use of specific linguistic software
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question62:-FLEx is particularly known for its robustness in
        A:-Facilitating discourse analysis
        B:-Morphological analysis and lexicon building
        C:-Audio and video transcription
        D:-Statistical analysis of linguistic data
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question63:-Which hardware tool is commonly used in linguistic fieldwork for capturing high-quality audio recordings?
        A:-Digital cameras
        B:-Handheld recorders
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question64:-Say More, in comparison to other tools, primarily focuses on
        A:-Acoustic analysis
        B:-Text annotation and translation
        C:-Automated data backup
        D:-Morphosyntactic analysis
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question65:-Linguistic standards in documentation primarily aim to
        A:-Enhance cross-linguistic data compatibility
        B:-Promote linguistic hegemony
        C:-Limit access to linguistic resources
        D:-Standardize linguistic interpretations
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question66:-Match the following :
     List I                                   List II
a. Ausbau                         1. Malcolm Kloss
b. Metatypy                      2. Heinz Kloss
c. Stratum                         3. Graziadio Isaia Ascoli
d. Cultural diffusion          4. Leo Forbanius
        A:-a-1, b-2, c-3, d-4
        B:-a-2, b-1, c-3, d-4
        C:-a-4, b-2, c-3, d-1
        D:-a-1, b-3, c-4, d-2
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question67:-Which method according to Fishman can be preferred in the revitalization of a moribund language?
        A:-Immersion method
        B:-Master-apprentice method
        C:-Bilingual method
        D:-Neighborhood method
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question68:-According to David Crystal the language revitalization would be successful if :
(i)   Language's prestige within the dominant community is increased
(ii) The presence of the language in the education system is made strong
(iii) The use of electronic technology is kept away.
(iv) All the above.
        A:-(i) and (ii)
        B:-(i), (ii) and (iii)
        C:-(iv) only
        D:-(i) and (iii)
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question69:-Which of the following is associated with digital projects and repositories related to endangered languages?
(i)   Lingua Libre
(ii) Tatoeba
(iii) Culture Vannin
(iv) Punana Leo
        A:-(i) and (ii)
        B:-(i), (ii) and (iii)
        C:-(iv) only
        D:-(i) and (iii)
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question70:-What do you mean by the term liturgical language?
        A:-A language having a script
        B:-A language has rich literary tradition
        C:-A language that is primarily used for religious worship
        D:-A language that has no literary tradition
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question71:-The origin of the concept 'language nest' approach is associated with
        A:-Hebrew language revival
        B:-Skolt sami revival
        C:-Maori language revival
        D:-Manx language revival
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question72:-Who runs Rosetta Project?
        A:-All species foundation
        D:-Long Now Foundation
        Correct Answer:- Option-D

Question73:-Which of the following involves the elimination or exclusion of foreign elements?
        A:-Xenophobic purism
        B:-Archaizing purism
        C:-Oscillatory purism
        D:-Trimming purism
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question74:-A word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal word for word translation is called as
        A:-Inkhorn term
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question75:-A cluster of linguistic varieties with significant linguistic distance from all others
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question76:-What is MLE?
        A:-Mother language education
        B:-Multilingual education
        C:-Mother tonque evaluation
        D:-Mother language evaluation
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question77:-What is Odisha model of tribal education to develop respect among tribal children for their language and culture?
        A:-Teaching mother tongue in secondary classes
        B:-Teaching other tongue in primary classes
        C:-Teaching mother tongue in primary classes
        D:-None of the above
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question78:-How does the contemporary situation of tribal languages in Kerala differ from the situation 100 years ago?
        A:-Most of them got endangered and demands revitalization
        B:-All languages are safe
        C:-All languages are revitalized
        D:-All tribes have shifted to the regional language
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question79:-Do you think there's a space for digital solutions in Kerala's language revitalization process?
        C:-Both yes and no
        D:-Language technology cannot work as these languages are script less
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question80:-Revitalization of tribal languages in Kerala is achieved by
        A:-doing documentation
        B:-developing archives
        C:-through speakers empowerment programs
        D:-by preparing dictionaries
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question81:-The ability of native speakers to provide interpretation and systematization for linguistic units and events is called
        A:-Meta Linguistic Knowledge
        B:-Language understanding
        C:-Native speaker's lexical databse
        D:-Documentation corpora
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question82:-A question in the parliament or assembly about the status of language should be answered by a linguist as
        A:-Statement of contradictory facts leads about the status of a language
        B:-Opinion of people about their language
        C:-Conclusion about the status of language with evidence
        D:-Different opinions of experts about the status of a language
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question83:-Match the items in List I with the items in List II and answer by selecting the correct code :
          List I                                                                                             List II
a. Moving analogue materials to the digital domain                                i. analysis
b. Transcription translation analysis and notations of metadata            ii. capture
c. Creating archival objects and assigning access and usage rights      iii. mobilization
d. Publication and distribution of the materials in various forms            iv. archiving
        A:-a-iii, b-i, c-ii, d-iv 
        B:-a-i, b-ii, c-iii, d-iv
        C:-a-iv, b-ii, c-i, d-iii
        D:-a-ii, b-i, c-iv, d-iii
        Correct Answer:- Option-D

Question84:-The structured information about events, recordings, and data files is called
        A:-Field data
        B:-Meta data
        C:-Archiving data
        D:-Primary data
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question85:-Choose the right aims of a sketch grammar in language documentation
        A:-Comprehensiveness, accuracy and user-friendliness
        B:-Comprehensiveness, content and annotated corpus
        C:-Accuracy, content and lexical database
        D:-Annotated corpus, lexical database and comprehensiveness
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question86:-Documentation of a language is mainly focused on which among the following
        A:-Language system
        B:-All performances of a language
        C:-Grammar of a language
        D:-Structure of a languages
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question87:-The situation in which the language is used mostly by very few speakers, of the great-grand parental generation
        A:-Critically endangered
        C:-Relatively safe
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question88:-The endangered status of a language is identified based on
        A:-Mother tongue not grouped under any language
        B:-The lesser number of speaker population
        C:-Both 1 and 2
        D:-Language is already listed in the Census report
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question89:-Which state in India imparts primary education in tribal languages?
        B:-Tamil Nadu
        D:-Andhra Pradesh
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question90:-Majority of the tribal languages in India belong to the
        A:-Scheduled languages
        B:-Non-scheduled languages
        C:-Identifiable mother tongues
        D:-Official languages
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question91:-Language shift among the tribal communities in Kerala from their
mother tongue to the dominant language is
        A:-Intrinsically motivated
        B:-Linguistically motivated
        C:-Politically motivated
        D:-Extrinsically motivated
        Correct Answer:- Option-D

Question92:-Tribal languages as a medium of education in the Indian context is
        A:-Elaborated code
        B:-Code mixing
        C:-Restricted code
        D:-Mixed code
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question93:-Tribal languages in Kerala are variably in contact with
        B:-Malayalam, Tamil and Kannada
        C:-Tamil and Kannada
        D:-Malayalam and Tamil
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question94:-Tribal communities in Kerala are dominantly
        D:-Hunter gathers
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question95:-Which among the right reasons why many tribal languages in Kerala are not listed as independent languages in the Census of India after 1961?
        A:-Population of speakers is below 10,000
        B:-Languages are dialects of Malayalam
        C:-Languages are dialects of Tamil
        D:-2 and 3
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question96:-Status of language in general can be stated in terms of
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

Question97:-Which among the dominant reasons for the endangerment of languages?
        A:-No writing system
        B:-Not used in all modern domains
        C:-Not transmitted from the old generation to the new generation
        D:-Not used in the new media
        Correct Answer:- Option-C

Question98:-Tribal languages in Kerala are typologically
        A:-Verb initial
        C:-Verb medial
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question99:-Which tribal community given below belongs to the primitive tribal group of kerala?
        Correct Answer:- Option-B

Question100:-Language attrition among the tribal language community in Kerala is the result of
        A:-Second language acquisition
        B:-Literacy in first language
        C:-Borrowing from dominant languages
        D:-Contact with other languages
        Correct Answer:- Option-A

No comments:

Post a Comment