Higher Secondary School Teacher (Junior) Botany Question Paper and Answer Key

Question Paper Code: 59/2022/OL
Category Code: 292/2020
Exam: Higher Secondary School Teacher (Junior) Botany
Date of Test 04-08-2022
Department: Kerala Higher Secondary Education
Alphacode A

Question1:-In pinus male and female cone occurs on
A:-Different plants
B:-Same branch of a plant
C:-Different branches of the same plant
D:-None of the above
Answer:- Option-C

Question2:-The pollination in Cycas is carried out by the agency of
Answer:- Option-A

Question3:-The causative organism of Red Rust of Tea is
Answer:- Option-B

Question4:-In Paddy fields the fertility can be improved by the addition of
B:-Sodium chloride
Answer:- Option-C

Question5:-The reserve food of Fungi is
Answer:- Option-D

Question6:-Fruit Rot of Caradamom is caused by
A:-Phytophthora palmivora
B:-Xanthomonas sp.
C:-Puccinia graminis
D:-Colletotrichum facultatum
Answer:- Option-A

Question7:-Rogueing is a process of
A:-Desructing the infected plants from the field at an early stage
B:-Elimination of the alternate hosts from or near the field
C:-Spraying pesticides
D:-None of the above
Answer:- Option-A

Question8:-Williamsonia sewardiana belongs to the order
Answer:- Option-B

Question9:-The spore mother cells in bryophaytes is
D:-None of the above
 Answer:- Option-A

Question10:-Glandular trichomes are seen in
A:-Laportea sp.
B:-Avicennia sp.
D:-All of the above
Answer:- Option-D

Question11:-Amphicribal vascular bundles are
A:-Concentric bundles
B:-Xylem surrounded by phloem
C:-Phloem surrounded by xylem
D:-Both (1) and (2)
Answer:- Option-D

Question12:-The mounting media should have the following characters
A:-Adhesive property
B:-Refractive index more or less similar to that of glass
C:-Easily dried in the air
D:-All the above
Answer:- Option-D

Question13:-Endosperm in Gymnosperms is
C:-Pre-fertilization product
D:-Both (2) and (3)
Answer:- Option-D

Question14:-Zonetreme is used to refer
A:-The position of aperture on the equator of the pollen grain
B:-The aperture is distributed uniformly all over the surface of the pollen grain
C:-The aperture is located only at the proximal end
D:-None of the above
Answer:- Option-A

Question15:-Vertical resistance refers to
A:-General resistance to all races of pathogen
B:-Specific resistance to a sigle race or strain of pathogen
C:-Sigle gene resistance
D:-Both (2) and (3)
Answer:- Option-D

Question16:-The head quarters of ICAR- Central Potato Research Institute is located at
Answer:- Option-B

Question17:-Convergent evolution refers to
A:-Phylogenetically related forms develop similar adaptations
B:-Phylogenetically unrelated forms develop similar adaptations
C:-Phylogenetically relate forms develop dissimilar adapatations
D:-None of the above
Answer:- Option-B

Question18:-Tetrasporic embryosac development is seen in
D:-Both (2) and (3)
Answer:- Option-D

Question19:-Inferior ovary with nectariferous disc is seen in the family
Answer:- Option-C

Question20:-Colchicum autmnale belongs to the family
Answer:- Option-A

Question21:-Cane and Rattans belong to the family
Answer:- Option-B

Question22:-Which statement is correct, Pepo can be defined as
(A)   Simple fleshy fruit developing from tricarpellarysyncarpous inferior ovary
(B)   Characteristic fruit of the gourd family
(C)   Simple fleshy fruit developing from tricarpellaryapocarpous superior ovary
(D)   Simple fleshy fruit developing from tricarpellaryapocarpous half-interior ovary
A:-Statement (A) and (B)
B:-Statement (B) and (C)
C:-Statement (A) and (C)
D:-Statement (D)
Answer:- Option-A

Question23:-Morphology of the useful part of Jute is
A:-Seed coat fibre
B:-Bast fibre
C:-Fibrous Mesocarp
D:-Fibrous roots
Answer:- Option-B

Question24:-The herbal drug "Jeevani" is produced from the plant
A:-Acorus calamus
B:-Cananga odorata
C:-Trichopus zeylanicus
D:-Withania somnifera
Answer:- Option-C

Question25:-The morphology of "Aswagandh" is
Answer:- Option-B

Question26:-Sweet Potato belongs to the family
Answer:- Option-C

Question27:-Darjeeling belongs to the phytogeographic zone
A:-Western Himalayas
B:-Eastern Himalayas
C:-Indus plain
D:-Gangetic plain
Answer:- Option-B

Question28:-The Soil commonly seen in Deccan Plateau is
A:-Alluvial Soil
B:-Laterite Soil
C:-Black Soil
D:-Red Soil
Answer:- Option-C

Question29:-Ecesis refers to
A:-Successful establishment and colonization of an invading species in a new locality
B:-Colonization of a species seen their earlier
C:-Arrival of new species to the altered locality
D:-All the above
Answer:- Option-A

Question30:-The average height of Stratosphere from the earths surface is
A:-10 km
B:-5 km
C:-20 km
D:-50 km
Answer:- Option-A

Question31:-Which among the human chromosome doesn't have nucleolar organiser region?
A:-3 and 14
B:-22 and 21
C:-11 and 12
D:-14 and 15
Answer:- Option-C

Question32:-In a cell culture study on different phases of cell cycle it was found that one phase took around 35% of the total time. Identify the phase
A:-M phase
B:-G1 phase
C:-S phase
D:-G2 phase
Answer:- Option-C

Question33:-From a crime scene the following samples were obtained. Identify the most suitable sample for DNA profiling
Answer:- Option-C

Question34:-In FISH, fluorescent dyes were tagged to probes for identification. Identify such a dye
B:-Ethidium bromide
C:-Thiazole orange
D:-Homidium bromide
Answer:- Option-A

Question35:-In eukaryotes during replication DNA polymerase synthesise okazaki fragments. These fragments composed of
A:-50-100 nucleotides
B:-100-400 nucleotides
C:-400-500 nucleotides
D:-Around 800 nucleotides
Answer:- Option-B

Question36:-Next generation amplicon sequencing is an approach to identify
A:-Rare variants
B:-Genome editing
C:-Both (1) and (2)
D:-None of these                                        
Answer:- Option-C

Question37:-The rare blood type Bombay phenotype is due to a mutation of a dominant allele H which leads to homozygosity and gene interaction. This phenotype is due to
A:-Dominant epistatis
B:-Recessive  epistasis
C:-Multiple allele
Answer:- Option-B

Question38:-Poky Neurospora was identified as a mitochondrial character because
A:-Cytochrome a and b are absent
B:-Cytochrome c found in excess
C:-Slow growth
D:-All of these
Answer:- Option-D

Question39:-Which of these codon, codes for the amino acid proline?
Answer:- Option-C

Question40:-Consider a population of rats is in Hardy Weinberg equilibrium. The allele for black colour (B) has an allelic frequency of 0.81, while the allele for white t colour (b) has anallelic frequency of 0.19. Then the percentage of heterozygous individuals in the population is
Answer:- Option-C

Question41:-Harlequin chromosomes are used to study
A:-Semiconservative replication
B:-Crossing over
C:-Neither (1) nor (2)
D:-Both (1) and (2)
Answer:- Option-D

Question42:-Find out the correct statement
A:-Standard error increases when standard deviation increases
B:-Standard error decreases when sample size increases
C:-Neither correct
D:-Both (1) and (2) are correct
Answer:- Option-D

Question43:-There is a possibility of rotation of angles φ and Ψ of polypeptide chain which is known as dihedral angles. What is the span rotation of these angles according to രാമ plot?
A:-0 to 90°
B:--90 to 90°
C:--60 to +60°
D:--180 to +180°
Answer:- Option-D

Question44:-Which statement is correct for Cerenkov radiation?
A:-It is comparable to sonic boom
B:-It emits reddish light
C:-It is used in therapeutics
D:-All the above
Answer:- Option-A

Question45:-Microheterogeneity of immunoglobulin-G is demonstrated by
C:-Isoelectric focusing
Answer:- Option-C

Question46:-Which statement is not true for GC-MS
A:-The carrier gas is Helium of Nitrogen
B:-Impossible to recover individual samples
C:-Both (1) and (2)
D:-Derivatization is mandatory
Answer:- Option-D

Question47:-Aromatic amino acids are not synthesised by animals but certain other group synthesise these amino acids by shikimate pathway they, include
D:-All of these
Answer:- Option-D

Question48:-When one molecule of oxygen binds to the ferrous part of each of the four chains of haemoglobin, enhances the further binding of Oxygen. This is explained by
A:-Allosteric modulation
B:-Non-competitive inhibition
C:-Competitive inhibition
D:-None of these
Answer:- Option-A

Question49:-Rubisco fixes the Carbon and has a turnover rate of 5.5s-1. How long does it take Rubisco to fix one molecule of Carbon dioxide?
A:-0.5 seconds
B:-0.18 seconds
C:-5 seconds
D:-1.8 seconds
Answer:- Option-B

Question50:-Resistance to the diffusion of 𝐶𝑂2  from outside the leaf to chloroplast occurs at different locations. Which among is the major point of resistance?
A:-Boundary layer
B:-Stomatal pore
D:-Intercellular space
Answer:- Option-B

Question51:-It was observed that a gene for a disease resistance was inherited in a recessive fashion. The incidence of resistance in normal population is 1/400 and in the ഒബ്സർവേഡ്‌ area was 1/25. What are the carrier frequencies in the normal population and in the observed area? Assume that the population studied is stable
Answer:- Option-A

Question52:-Which among is a major product of DNA oxidation and its concentration is a measure of oxidative stress?
Answer:- Option-B

Question53:-Computers store all data in binary format, if one stores the year 2022 as binary, what will be the exact binary sequence?
Answer:- Option-A

Question54:-Point out the disadvantage of snowball sampling
A:-Impossible to determine the sampling error
B:-Couldn't discover the characteristics of population
C:-Impossible to conduct due to lack of participants
D:-Lack of confidentiality of data
Answer:- Option-A

Question55:-Protein Data Bank provides the 3D structure of
D:-All of  these
Answer:- Option-D

Question56:-Which statement is true for bus is computing?
A:-A hardware
B:-A software
C:-Hardware as well as software
D:-None of these
Answer:- Option-C

Question57:-A group of compounds are used in protoplast culture as osmoticum. Identify the one which is not suitable
Answer:- Option-D

Question58:-Identify the restriction enzyme that have an isocaudomer
Answer:- Option-B

Question59:-Herbicide resistant transgenic plants were developed by incorporating glutathione-S transferase gene. This enzyme detoxifies which herbicide
D:-None of these
Answer:- Option-B

Question60:-Identify the true statement
A:-DNA transfers between mitochondria and nucleus
B:-DNA transfers between chloroplasts and nucleus
C:-DNA transfers between mitochondria and chloroplast
D:-All the above
Answer:- Option-D

Question61:-A DNA sense strands having the sequence
3'-TACCACCCCACATTCCG-5' mutated at 5th position from 5' end with a transition, transcribed an mRNA. How many amino acids will be present in the translated polypeptide with recurrent amino acids?
A:-4 amino acids with 2 recurrent amino acids
B:-6 amino acids with 3 recurrent amino acids
C:-6 amino acids with 2 recurrent amino acids
D:-4 amino acids with 3 recurrent amino acids
Answer:- Option-D

Question62:-What is the probability of getting AaBbcc genotype from a cross between AaBbCc × AaBbCc?
Answer:- Option-B

Question63:-𝑁2 +8e- + 8H+ +16ATP →2𝑁𝐻3 + 16𝐴𝐷𝑃 + 16𝐴 Π This equation refers to
C:-Nitrogen fixation
D:-Reductive amination
 Answer:- Option-C

Question64:-The substrate concentration at which reaction attains half of its maximum velocity is called
C:-1/2 Vmax
D:-[S] 1/2
 Answer:- Option-A

Question65:-Which statement is true for snoRNA
A:-Class of small RNA, guide chemical modification of other RNA
B:-Small non-coding RNA expressed in animal cells only
C:-Long non-coding RNA transcribed from enhancer region of DNA
D:-Non-coding RNA involved in RNAi
Answer:- Option-A

Question66:-Exometabolomics refers to the
A:-Metabolomics of exosphere
B:-Metabolic foot printing
C:-Exothermal metabolomics
D:-Quantitative metabolomics
Answer:- Option-B

Question67:-Physiological dormancy of seed can be broken by cold temperature treatment, which commonly ranges from
A:-6 to 10ºC
B:-1 to 7ºC
C:-1 to 2ºC
D:-10 to 15ºC
Answer:- Option-B

Question68:-Vitamin B5 is essential for which of the following pathway?
C:-Fatty acid synthesis
D:-Pyruvate Carboxylation
Answer:- Option-C

Question69:-Which among is a programming command line language popular in bioinformatics
Answer:- Option-C

Question70:-Which statement is true for the phase contrast microscope?
A:-Partially coherent illumination is used
B:-Coherent illumination is used
C:-Collector lens and specialised annulus are not essential
D:-None of these
Answer:- Option-A

Question71:-A stratified sampling technique in which researcher select a proportional size stratum as his own judgement by random sampling from individual strata is often so expensive
A:-Sequential sampling
B:-Quota sampling
C:-Deliberate sampling
D:-Area sampling
Answer:- Option-B

Question72:-Which among the following are not correct attribute-pair about the design of exploratory research
(i)    Overall design            -                Flexible design
(ii)   Sampling design         -                Probability sampling
(iii)   Statistical design        -                No preplanned design for statistical analysis
(iv)   Observational design  -                Unstructured Instruments for data collection
(v)   Operational design      -                Advanced decision about operational procedures
A:-(i) and (iii)
B:-(iii) and (iv)
C:-(ii) and (v)
Answer:- Option-B

Question73:-A scale used to measuring attitudes of people, based on its construction approach as item analysis
A:-Deferential scale
B:-Guttman's scalogram
C:-Multi-dimensional scale
D:-Likert scale
Answer:- Option-D

Question74:-Which is the correct exemplar referencing style for a book with two editors instead of author, while citing a source in your research paper as per APA-7th edition?
A:-Melendy, R., and Kincaid, C. (Eds.). (2018). Birth order and personality. Doubleday
B:-(Drew, 2002, para. 4), Marvin, 2009, introduction, para. 12
C:-Best, JW & Khan, 'Research in education (7th ed.)', New Delhi : Prentice Hall of India
D:-Merriam-Webster.(n.d.). Literarcy. In Merriam-Webster disctionary. Retrieved January 10, 2020, from https://www.merriam-webster.com
 Answer:- Option-A

Question75:-Which among the condition should be satisfied before the chi-square test is applied
A:-Observations recorded and used are collected not in random based
B:-All the items in sample must be dependent
C:-Overall number of item must be reasonably large
D:-The constraints not to be linear
Answer:- Option-C

Question76:-"All education proceeds by the participation of the individual in the social consciousness of the race" the quote from john Dewey exponent to
A:-Social aim of education
B:-Racial aim of education
C:-Cultural aim of education
D:-individual aim of education
Answer:- Option-A

Question77:-Which among the following features are to be considered as the merits and demerits of Montessori method compared to constructive approach of learning?
(i)   Individualized learning
(ii)  Education through sense training
(iii) Emphasize on biological approach
(iv) Belief in transfer of training
A:-(i) and (ii) are merits, (iii) and (iv) are demerits
B:-(i) and (ii) are demerits, (iii) and (iv) are merits
C:-All are merits
D:-all are demerits
 Answer:- Option-A

Question78:-Checklists are the effective tools of continuous and comprehensive assessment because it precedence to
A:-Assessment for learning
B:-Assessment of learning
C:-Assessment as learning
D:-Assessment in learning
Answer:- Option-C

Question79:-Performance learning is brain friendly learning and leads to quality because it
A:-not focuses on what the students can do
B:-limits emotional climate for learning
C:-identifies the next stage in skill development
D:-not provide a frame work for continuous improvement
Answer:- Option-C

Question80:-Which of the following thinking skill is not related with reasoning
A:-Ability to draw inferences and make deductions
B:-Use precis language to explain what they think
C:-Make judgments and decisions informed by evidences
D:-Look for alternative and innovative outcomes
Answer:- Option-D

Question81:-Examine the three statements listed below
(i)   There have been three proclamations of National Emergency in India
(ii)   In June 1975, National Emergency was proclaimed due to internal disturbance]
(iii)  In October 1962, National Emergency was proclaimed due to Chinese aggression
Check the true nature of the statements
A:-All the statements are correct
B:-the first statement is wrong
C:-the second statement is wrong
D:-the third statement is wrong
 Answer:- Option-A

Question82:-Arrange the states in ascending order based on the number of seats in the council of state
(i)  Tamil Nadu
(ii)  Maharashtra
(iii)  Bihar
(iv)  Karnataka
A:-(iii), (iv), (i), (ii)
B:-(ii), (iv), (iii), (i)
C:-(iv), (iii), (i), (ii)
D:-(iii), (ii), (iv), (i)
Answer:- Option-C

Question83:-"If the people who are selected are capable and of character and integrity, they would be able to make the best even of a defective constitution" Whose words are these?
A:-Vallabhbhai Patel
B:-Dr. Rajendra prasad
C:-Abul Kalam Azad
D:-Baldev Singh
Answer:- Option-B

Question84:-Who moved the objectives resolution in the constituent assembly
A:-T.T. Krishnamachari
B:-Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
C:-Jawaharlal Nehru
D:-Syama Prasad Mukherjee
Answer:- Option-C

Question85:-Regarding the provisions of the constitution of India, taken from other countries, which one is not matched correctly?
A:-Directive principles           -         Ireland
B:-Emergency provision        -         Germany
C:-Amendments                   -         South Africa
D:-Judicial Review               -           United kingdom
Answer:- Option-D

Question86:-Trace out the incorrect statement
A:-RTE Act, 2009 is compatible with Article 21-A of the constitution of India
B:-Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) supports state and UTs to implement RTE Act
C:-SSA is a centrally sponsored scheme
D:-SSA's intervention does not include uniforms
Answer:- Option-D

Question87:-Global Environment Facility (GEF) grants are not available under a particular focal area. Identify it
A:-Social forestry
C:-Climatic change
D:-International waters
Answer:- Option-A

Question88:-The untouchability (Offences) Act, 1955 was enacted in pursuance of which article of the constitution of India?
A:-Article 16
B:-Article 17
C:-Article 18
D:-Article 24
Answer:- Option-B

Question89:-In 2011, an expert committee was formed to assess the draft law regarding food security who was the Chairman?
A:-Dr. M.S. Swaminathan
B:-Madhav Gadgil
C:-Dr. Kasturin Rangan
D:-Dr. Rangarajan
Answer:- Option-D

Question90:-'Vishaka Guidelines' is related to
A:-Protection of women from domestic violence
B:-Dowry prohibition
C:-The sexual Harassment of women at workplace
D:-Protection Rights on marriage
Answer:- Option-C

Question91:-Find the correctly matched
(i)   Tolan                                       -         Kramadipikas
(ii)   Karthika Tirinal Rama Varma     -         Rajasuyam
(iii)  Clement Padiri                          -         Samkshepa Vedarham
(iv)  Fr. Paulino Bartalomeo              -          Kudasa Pusthakam
A:-Only (i) and (ii) are true
B:-Only (iii) and (iv) true
C:-Only (i), (ii) and (iii) true
D:-All the above are true
Answer:- Option-D

Question92:-(i)    Rajyasamacharam         -        Dr. Hermann Gundert
(ii)   Kerala Mitram               -         Devajee Bheemji
(iii)   Mithavadi                     -         Madhavam
(iv)   Paschimodayam            -        C Krishnan
A:-(i), (ii) and (iii) are true
B:-(i), (iii) and (iv) are true
C:-Only (i) and (ii) true
D:-All the above are true
Answer:- Option-C

Question93:-(i)     Koftagari work   -        Wood
(ii)    Marquetry work  -        Metal
(iii)    Lapidary work   -         Synthetic stone
(iv)   Rattan work         -        Cane
A:-Only (i) and (iv) are true
B:-Only (ii) and (iii) are true
C:-Only (ii) and (iv) true
D:-Only (iii) and (iv) true
Answer:- Option-C

Question94:-(i)   Vailoppilly Sreedara Menon         -      Oonjalinel
(ii)   Nalappattu Narayana Menon      -       Nimisham
(iii)  G.Sankara Kurupu                    -       Kannuneer Tulli
(iv)  Ullur S Parameswara Iyer         -        Pingala
A:-Only (i) and (ii) are true
B:-Only (i) and (iii) are true
C:-Only (ii) and (iv) true
D:-Only (ii) and (iv) true
Answer:- Option-A

Question95:-(i)   Chaliyam Fort          -             Pattu Marakkar
(ii)  Fort Manual             -              Albuqurque
(iii) Puthuppanam Fort     -             Nuno da Cunha
(iv) FortSt Angelo           -             Francisco Almeda
A:-(i), (iii) are true and (ii), (iv) are false
B:-(i), (iii) are false and (ii), (iv) are true
C:-(i), (iv) are false and (ii), (iii) are true
D:-(i), (iv) are true and (ii), (iii) are false
Answer:- Option-B

Question96:-(i)    Punam Namboothiri flourished in the court of Mnanvikrama the Zamorin of Calicut
(ii)   The eighteen Royal poets were known as Patinettara Kavikal
(iii)  Manavikrama wrote Krishnagiti
A:-Only (i) and (ii) are true
B:-Only (i) and (iii) are true
C:-Only (ii) and (iii) true
D:-All the above are true
Answer:- Option-A

Question97:-(i)  Travancore Mahajana was founded by Vakkam Abdul Khadar Maulavi
(ii)  Vakkam Abdul Khadar Maulavi got published his articles in Arabic in Al Manar from Egypt
(iii) Sadhu Jana paripalana Sangham later turned  into Pulaya Mahasabha in 1938
A:-Only (i) and (ii) are true
B:-Only (i) and (iii) are true
C:-Only (ii) and (iii) true
D:-All the above are true
Answer:- Option-D

Question98:-(i)  'Anasthasyayude Rakthasaksyam' was written by Saint Kuriakose Elias Chavara
(ii) The Mappila Marumakkathayam Act was passed in 1934
(iii) Savarna Jatha was organised in 1924 from Vaikom to Trivandrum
A:-Statement (i) and (ii) are false
B:-Only (ii) is false
C:-Statement (i) and (iii)  are false
D:-All the above are false
Answer:- Option-B

Question99:-(i)   Gandhiji described Akkamma Cheriyan as the Joan of Arch
(ii)  The author of 'The story of 114'  is Anna Chandi
(iii) The statue of Akkamma Cheriyan is erected in Vellayambalam
A:-Statement (i) and (ii) are true
B:-Only (ii) is true
C:-Only (iii) is true
D:-All the above are true
Answer:- Option-C

Question100:-(i)   English East India Company set up a spice plantation at Ancharakandy in 1799
(ii)  J.D. Munro cultivated tea first time in Kerala in 1877
(iii)  Trikana Matilakam was a famous center of Jain religion and learning in Kerala
A:-(i), (iii) are true and (ii) is false
B:-(i), (iii) are false and (ii) is true
C:-(i), (ii) are true and (iii) is false
D:-All the above are true
Answer:- Option-D

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