Higher Secondary School Teacher in Zoology Question Paper and Answer Key

Question Paper Code: 58/2022/OL
Category Code: 281/2020
Exam: Higher Secondary School Teacher in Zoology
Date of Test 02-08-2022
Department : Kerala Higher Secondary Education
Alphacode A

Question1:-Find out the correct statement regarding acromegaly and the influence of high level of growh hormone (GH) in it.
A:-increased level of GH, stimulate increased production of vasopressin from the adrenal gland
B:-increased level of GH, stimulate increased production of insulin like growth factor one (IGF_1 ) from the liver
C:-increased level of GH stimulate increased production of vasopressin from the liver
D:-increased levels of GH, stimulate increased production of insulin like growth factor one (IGF_1)  from adrenal glands
Answer:- Option-B

Question2:-Human digestive glands includes,
A:-liver and pancreas
B:-salivary glands and liver
C:-salivary glands and pancreas
D:-salivary gland, liver and pancreas
Answer:- Option-D

Question3:-Choose the correct match
A:-Vitamin A  - Thyamine
B:-Vitamin B_1   -  Calciferol
C:-Vitamin D - Riboflavin
D:-Vitamin E - Tocopherol
Answer:- Option-D

Question4:-Which among the following requires cyanocobalamine in its formation?
Answer:- Option-A

Question5:-The correct order of the three phases of the cardiac cycle
A:-Early diastole, mid-to-late diastole ventricular systole
B:-Ventricular systole, mid-to-late diastole, early diastole
C:-mid-to-late diastole, ventricular systole, early diastole
D:-Early diastole, ventricular systole, mid-to-late diastole
Answer:- Option-C

Question6:-Choose the incorrect statement regarding enzymes
A:-as the enzyme concentration decreases, the reaction rate will decrease
B:-Substrate binds on the allosteric site
C:-Specificity allows the enzymes to co-exist in the same cell without any interference
D:-Lock and key model is also known as rigid template model
Answer:- Option-B

Question7:-Acetyl CoA combines with which among the following to form a 6-carbon compound in TCA cycle
Answer:- Option-A

Question8:-In Triacylglycerol synthesis, which among the following pathway is not used
A:-Monoacyl glycerol pathway
B:-Glyoxylate pathway
C:-Kennedy pathway
D:-Glycerol 3-phosphate pathway
Answer:- Option-B

Question9:-Name the regulatory enzyme, that regulates the biosynthesis of cholesterol and serves as the druggable target, for the reduction of hyper cholesterolemia
A:-HMG - CoA synthase
B:-HMG - CoA reductase
C:-Cholesterol synthase
D:-Lanosterol oxidase
Answer:- Option-B

Question10:-Choose the incorrect statement regarding oxidative phosphorylation
A:-a membrane bound ATP synthase is involved
B:-Also known as electron transport linked phosphorylation
C:-Direct transfer of phosphate from a substrate molecule to ADP
D:-An electro chemical gradient forms across the inner mitochondrial membrane
Answer:- Option-C

Question11:-Choose the correct statement regarding the characteristics of a gram positive bacterial cell well
A:-it consists of multiple layers of peptidoglycan
B:-it is thicker than associated with gram negative bacteria
C:-it contains teichoic acids
D:-all of the above
Answer:- Option-D

Question12:-Select the incorrect statement regarding peptidoglycan
A:-it occurs in the form of a bag shaped macromolecules surrounding the cytoplasmic membrane
B:-it is present in prokaryotic cell wall
C:-it is a polymer consisting of N-acetyl glucosamine, N-acetyl muramic acid and amino acids like alanine lysine etc
D:-none of the above
Answer:- Option-D

Question13:-Differences between rhinoviruses and enteroviruses is due to their,
A:-ability to survive acidic conditions
B:-capsid shape
C:-type of nuleic acid
Answer:- Option-A

Question14:-Match the following :
(i)  Septa                          (a)  Loosely organized mass
(ii)  Hyphae                       (b)  Cross wall seperating
(iii) Mycelium                     (c)  Thread like structures
(iv) Thallus                        (d)  Body of fungus
A:-(i)-(a), (ii)-(d), (iii)-(b), (iv)-(c)
B:-(i)-(c), (ii)-(b), (iii)-(d), (iv)-(a)
C:-(i)-(d), (ii)-(a), (iii)-(c), (iv)-(b)
D:-(i)-(d), (ii)-(c), (iii)-(a), (iv)-(b)
Answer:- Option-C
Question deleted

Question15:-Name the bacteria that requires nicotinic acid as a growth factor while culturing
C:-Proteus Vulgaris
D:-Leuconostoc mesenteroids
Answer:- Option-C

Question16:-Which among the following is not related to innate immunity
A:-strong immunity
C:-previous contact
Answer:- Option-C

Question17:-Primary sites of cancer metastasis
B:-Lymph nodes
Answer:- Option-B

Question18:-Identify the class of MHC, which is recognized by 𝐶𝐷4TH Cell
D:-MHC cannot recognize T-cells
Answer:- Option-B

Question19:-Types of bonds found in antigen-antibody interaction
A:-strong covalent bond
B:-strong disulphide bond
C:-weak hydrogen bond and vanderwaals forces
D:-all of these
Answer:- Option-C

Question20:-Pick out the main reason for the autiommunity developed in our body
A:-immune system fails completely
B:-immune system produces WBC in a huge number
C:-immune system begins to attack its cells and tissues
D:-immune system starts producing cells and tissues
Answer:- Option-C

Question21:-The hydrophilic region in the cell membrane is
A:-surface of the cell membrane
B:-interior of the cell membrane
C:-nucleoside of the cell
D:-ribosomes of the cell
Answer:- Option-A

Question22:-Relating to NER (Nuclear Excision Repair) mechanism, which among the following statement is correct
A:-NER is present only in prokaryotes
B:-NER is present in both prokaryotes and Eukaroytes, but the exact mechanism varies
C:-NER is present only in Eukaryotes
D:-NER present in both Eukaryotes and prokaryotes, is with similar molecular mechanism in both
Answer:- Option-B

Question23:-In E.Coli, which type of DNA replication occurs
A:-conservative and unidirectional
B:-semi conservative and unidirectional
C:-conservative and bidirectional
D:-semi conservative and bidirectional
Answer:- Option-D

Question24:-Find out the true statement regarding lac operon
A:-lac operon is an inducible  system
B:-Lacoperon is repressible system
C:-Lacoperon of E-Coli contains four structural genes
D:-none of the above
Answer:- Option-A

Question25:-Enhancers found in which position, are incapable to enhance the process of transcription
A:-just upstream the promoter
B:-several kilobases downsetream promoters
C:-several kilobases upstream promoter
D:-within the promoter site
Answer:- Option-D
Question deleted

Question26:-Find out the correct statement regarding restriction endonucleases
A:-Type I and II requires ATP to move along DNA
B:-Type I, II and III requires ATP to move along DNA
C:-Type II requires no ATP and cleaves DNA within the recognition site
D:-Type II requires ATP and cleaves DNA, within the recognition site
Answer:- Option-C

Question27:-Application of a probe in genetic engineering occurs in which stage?
B:-Recombining DNA
C:-Cleaving DNA
Answer:- Option-D

Question28:-For the amplification of random DNA fragments which techniques is widely applicable
Answer:- Option-C

Question29:-Transfections of which among the following is needed for the production of transgenic animals.
A:-eggs or embryos
B:-stem cells
C:-red blood cells
D:-all of the above
Answer:- Option-A

Question30:-Maxam-Gilbert method cannot be used to find out the sequence of which among the following?
C:-Bacteriophage 𝑇7
Answer:- Option-C

Question31:-Genetic code for Leucine
Answer:- Option-A

Question32:-In Diploid organisms, crossing over causes :
A:-Dominance of genes
B:-segregation of alleles
C:-recombination of linked genes
D:-linkage between genes
Answer:- Option-C

Question33:-Name the chemical mutagen, which is mutagenic only for replicating  DNA.
A:-Acridine dye
B:-Alkylating agent
C:-Deaminating agent
D:-Base analog
Answer:- Option-D

Question34:-Point out a non characteristic feature of Down's syndrome
A:-small round head
C:-furrowed tongue
D:-partially deep mouth
Answer:- Option-B

Question35:-During protein synthesis, which type of RNA function as an adaptor molecule?
Answer:- Option-C

Question36:-In order to penetrate the egg mambrane, sperms secretes which among the following enzymes?
B:-succinic dehydrogenase
D:-carbonic anhydrase
Answer:- Option-C

Question37:-Choose the correct statement about cells, regarding clevage
A:-size does not increase
B:-the division is like meiosis
C:-there is less oxygen consumption
D:-nuleocytoplasmic ratio remains unchanged
Answer:- Option-A

Question38:-Pick out a hormone, which is not produced by placenta
Answer:- Option-D
Question deleted

Question39:-In which stage of embryogenesis, formation of primitive streak occurs
Answer:- Option-D

Question40:-High concentration of which hormone causes ovulation?
Answer:- Option-D
Question deleted

Question41:-A biological classification approach in which organisms are categorized in groups based on shared traits
B:-Numerical Taxonomy
Answer:- Option-A

Question42:-Which among the following is the hierarchical system used in classifying an organism?
A:-Domain→Kingdom→Phylum →Subphylum →Order→ Class →Family →Genus →Species
B:-Kingdom→Domain→Phylum →Subphylum →Order→ Class →Family →Genus →Species
C:-Domain→Kingdom→Phylum →Subphylum →Class→ Order→Family →Genus →Species
D:-Kingdom→Domain→Phylum →Subphylum →Class→ Order →Family →Genus →Species
Answer:- Option-C

Question43:-The International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) was founded in the year
Answer:- Option-B

Question44:-A derived character shared by clade members of a clade
D:-None of the above
Answer:- Option-C

Question45:-Which among the following is not among the basic rules of species names?
A:-A species name must be spelled in Latin letters
B:-A species name begins with a lowercase letter
C:-A species name can contain no diacritical marks
D:-None of the above
Answer:- Option-D

Question46:-Which among the following is Lamarck's evolutionary framework?
A:-More individuals are produced each generation than can survive
B:-Phenotypic variation exists among individuals and the variation is heritable
C:-The development of the organs, and their ability, are constantly a result of the use of those organs
D:-When reproductive isolation occurs new species will form
Answer:- Option-C

Question47:-The theory that proposes once a species appears in the fossil record, the population will become stable, showing little evolutionary change for most of its geological history
A:-Quantum evolution
B:-Punctuated equilibrium
D:-Convergent evolution
Answer:- Option-B

Question48:-The development of resistance by insects to pesticides is an example for
D:-None of the above
Answer:- Option-C

Question49:-Which of the following is NOT an example of coevolution?
A:-Acacia ants and lodgepole pines
B:-Humming birds and bird-pollinated flowers
C:-Fig wasps and fig tree
D:-Australian rabbit and myxoma virus
Answer:- Option-A

Question50:-The modern synthetic theory of evolution was proposed by
A:-Alfred Russel Wallace
B:-Carl Linnaeus
C:-Georges Cuvier
D:-Theodosius Dobzhansky
Answer:- Option-D

Question51:-An urn-shaped age structure represents
A:-Expanding population
B:-Diminishing population
C:-Stable population
D:-None of the above
 Answer:- Option-B

Question52:-In ecological succession, the pioneer species is characterized by
A:-Higher rates of resource uptake
B:-Larger and longer-lived
C:-Lower rate of dispersal
D:-Slower per capita growth rates
Answer:- Option-A

Question53:-The type of learning in which there is no association between stimuli and response
A:-Classical Conditioning
B:-Operant conditioning
D:-All of the above
Answer:- Option-C

Question54:-Who unravel the details of dance language of honey bees?
A:-Ivan Pavlov
B:-Karl von Frisch
C:-Adrian Wenner
D:-Niko Tinbergen
Answer:- Option-B

Question55:-In which district, Karimpuzha Wildlife Sanctuary is situated
Answer:- Option-B

Question56:-The part of India that falls in the Sundaland hotspot
A:-Eastern Himalayas
B:-Eastern Ghats
C:-The Andaman Islands
D:-The Nicobar Islands
Answer:- Option-D

Question57:-Among all the measures of dispersion, standard deviation is best. Why?
A:-It gives more weightage to extreme values
B:-Its calculation is not easy
C:-It is least affected by fluctuations of sampling
D:-It is based on all the observations
Answer:- Option-C
Question deleted

Question58:-Calculate the arithmetic mean of the marks obtained by 12 students of a class for an exam. The marks obtained are :
40, 35, 42, 50, 48, 30, 31, 37, 45, 28, 20, 25
Answer:- Option-B

Question59:-The voltage range at which the Standard Transmission Electron Microscopes (TEMs) operate
A:-100-1,000 V
B:-1,000-10,000 V
C:-10,000-1,00,000 V
D:-1,00,000 V - 10,00,000 V
Answer:- Option-C

Question60:-Which among the following is not an example for secondary data?
A:-Data obtained from Meteorological Department
B:-Data prepared from the analysis of blood samples
C:-Data collected by National Sample Survey
D:-All of the above
Answer:- Option-B

Question61:-Misfolding of proteins can cause a number of diseases. Which among the following misfolded protein in neurons is responsible for Parkinson's disease?
Answer:- Option-C

Question62:-Which among the following is the 'Carrion bee'?
A:-Apis mellifera
C:-Trigona crassipes
D:-None of the above
Answer:- Option-C

Question63:-Which gene has been found to be responsible to detect signatures of evolution in severe mental illness?
A:-Australopithecus genes
B:-Neanderthal genes
C:-Erectus genes
D:-None of the above
 Answer:- Option-B

Question64:-Which among the following microbes cannot produce oxygen?
A:-Ammonia oxidizing Archaea bacteria
B:-Nitrogen fixing bacteria
D:-All of the above
Answer:- Option-B

Question65:-Pigs have been preferred as ideal candidates for xenotransplantation in humans. What vital genetic modifications made the pig heart xenotransplantation possible?
A:-Four genes were inactivated
B:-Six humans genes were inserted into the pig genome
C:-Retroviruses were removed
D:-All of the above
Answer:- Option-D

Question66:-Pigs exposed to the coronavirus don't show clinical signs of disease nor do they transmit the virus to other animals. Find the reason
A:-The infected pig cells underwent necrosis
B:-The infected pig cells underwent apoptosis
C:-The uninfected pig cells underwent necrosis
D:-None of the above
Answer:- Option-B
Question deleted

Question67:-Air pollution significantly reduces pollination. Why?
A:-Pollutants react with and change the floral odours making the insects confused
B:-Disorientation of insects due to pollutant fumes
C:-Pollutants like diesel fumes alter the genetic composition of insects
D:-Pollutants altered the floral morphology
Answer:- Option-A

Question68:-Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria were in Hedgehogs a century before we used antibiotics. Which among the following strain was identified in hedgehogs?
A:-Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE)
B:-Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
C:-Multi-drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-TB)
D:-Carbapenem-resistent Enterobacteriaceae (CRE)
Answer:- Option-B

Question69:-The toxic cardiac glycosides produced by Milkweed is potent to kill mammals including humans. Which part of the animal cells are targeted by these toxins?
A:-𝐶𝑎² +pump
D:-All of the above
Answer:- Option-C

Question70:-Among the new species described in 2021, which among the following snake species was identified from India
A:-Oligodon churahensis
B:-Gloydius lipipengi
C:-Stegonotus aplini
D:-Brookesia nana
Answer:- Option-A

Question71:-Which of the following is the correct sequence of taxonomic levels of affective domain?
A:-Receiving, responding, valuing, characterisation, organisation
B:-Receiving, responding, characterisation, valuing, organisation
C:-Receiving, valuing, organisation, responding, characterisation
D:-Receiving, responding, valuing, organisation, characterisation
Answer:- Option-D

Question72:-The teaching technique that creates democratic, individual, free-flowing creative expression by students is related with
(i)  Brain based learning
(ii)  Buzz session
(iii)  Brain storming technique
(iv)  Jigsaw technique
A:-Both (i) and (ii)
B:-Both (ii) and (iv)
C:-Only (iv)
D:-Only (iii)
Answer:- Option-D

Question73:-Which of the following statements are related with models?
(i)    Non-projected aid
(ii)   Depends on multiple sense
(iii)   Concrete representation of an object
(iv)   Depends on single sense
(v)    Three-dimensional aid
A:-(i), (ii), (iii) and (v)
B:-(ii), (iii), (iv) and (v)
C:-(i), (ii), (iii) and (v)
D:-(i), (iii), (iv) and (v)
Answer:- Option-D
Question deleted

Question74:-The term problem children is generally used to describe children who
A:-are specifically backward in one subject
B:-have a physical defect
C:-have a low general intelligence
D:-are malaadjusted
Answer:- Option-D

Question75:-Critically examine the following statements and find out the appropriate ones in connection with portfolio
(i) Effective form of alternative assessment
(ii) Measuring achievement over a period of time
(iii) Used to showcase the learning work
(iv) A reflection of one's purposeful learning efforts
(v)  Effective form of ongoing assessment
A:-(i), (ii), (iii) and (v)
B:-(ii), (iii), (iv) and (v)
C:-(i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
D:-(i), (iii), (iv) and (iv)
Answer:- Option-C

Question76:-Which is not true with respect to survey-type research?
A:-Have large samples
B:-Appropriate for physical and natural sciences
C:-No need for manipulating the variables
D:-Field research
Answer:- Option-B

Question77:-Which of the following is not the source for secondary data?
B:-Research reports
D:-Publications of foreign governments
Answer:- Option-A

Question78:-Examine the following characteristics and find out the appropriate research type
(i)  It is not concerned with finding new generalizations
(ii)  It is initiated to solve immediate problems
(iii)  It is situational, collaborative, self-evaluative and participatory
(iv)  It is carried out on a small sample
A:-Quantitative Research
B:-Action research
C:-Fundamental research
D:-Conceptual research
Answer:- Option-B

Question79:-An experimental design where the subjects are randomly assigned to experimental treatments is known as
A:-Random block design
B:-Completely randomized design
C:-Randomized factor design
D:-Latin square design
Answer:- Option-B

Question80:-Which type of error occurs when the null hypothesis is accepted when it is actually false?
A:-Sampling error
B:-Type I error
C:-Type II error
D:-Standard error
Answer:- Option-C

Question81:-The preamble of the Indian constitution secures justice, liberty, equality and fraternity to
A:-The citizens who reside within the territory of India
B:-All persons
C:-All persons who reside within the territory of India
D:-All citizens of India
Answer:- Option-D

Question82:-The constitution of India describes India as
A:-Unitary state
B:-Federal state
C:-A quasi-federal state
D:-A union of states
Answer:- Option-D

Question83:-In Indian constitution promotion of International peace and security included in the
A:-Fundamental duties
B:-Ninth schedule
C:-Preamble to the constitution
D:-Directive principles of state policy
Answer:- Option-D

Question84:-Which one of the following schedules of the Indian constitution contain provision regarding anti-defection act
A:-Second schedule
B:-Fifth schedule
C:-Eighth schedule
D:-Tenth Schedule
 Answer:- Option-D

Question85:-Who is responsible for the observance of the 'Rules of business' of the state government in India?
B:-Chief Minister
C:-Advocate general
D:-Chief secretary of the state government
Answer:- Option-D

Question86:-Environment protection act was passed by the parliament of India in
A:-May 1986
B:-June 1996
C:-December 1986
D:-November 1984
Answer:- Option-A

Question87:-The national food security act was signed in to law on
A:-12th Oct 2013
B:-12th Sept 2013
C:-5th June 2003
D:-10th December 2014
Answer:- Option-B

Question88:-The power to remove state information commissioner or state chief information commissioner shall be vested in the
B:-Prime Minister
D:-Chief Minister
Answer:- Option-C

Question89:-Which state in India started Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee programme first
A:-Andra Pradesh
C:-Tamil Nadu
Answer:- Option-A

Question90:-What is the age limit for organ donation in India
A:-Only after 3 years
B:-Only after 18 years
C:-No age limit
D:-Before 50 years
Answer:- Option-C

Question91:-Which of the following statement about Vaikunda Swamikal is / are correct?
(i)  He promoted inter-dining
(ii)  He founded a Nizhalthankal at Kannanmoola
(iii) He adopted Anpukodi or flag of love
(iv) He was in favour of Devadasi system
A:-Only (i) and (ii)
B:-Only (iii) and (iv)
C:-Only (i) and (iii)
D:-Only (i), (ii) and (iii)
Answer:- Option-C

Question92:-Consider the following statements about Vaikom Satyagraha. Which of the following statement is/are correct?
(i)   Vaikom Satyagraha began on April 30, 1924
(ii)  SNDP Yogam did not support the movement
(iii)  Mahatma Gandhi visited Vaikom on March 9, 1925
A:-Only (i)
B:-Only (ii)
C:-Only (iii)
D:-All of the above (i), (ii) and (iii)
Answer:- Option-C

Question93:-Consider the following social reformers and their works. Which of them are correctly matched?
(i)   Pandit Karuppan         -   Balarama Bharatham
(ii)  Vagbhtananda            -    Brahmasankirttanam
(iii)  Sree Narayana Guru   -    Darsanamala
A:-Only (i) and (ii)
B:-Only (ii) and (iii)
C:-Only (i)
D:-All of the above (i), (ii) and (iii)
Answer:- Option-B

Question94:-Which of the following statements about Temple Entry Proclamation of 1936 in Travancore is/are correct?
(i)    All Kerala Temple Entry Conference was held under the auspices of Hindu Maha Sabha  in May 1936
(ii)   A memorial was submitted to Diwan Sir C.P. Ramaswamy Iyer on 3rd November, 1936
(iii)  Mahatma Gandhi said, 'It was easily the most non-violent and bloodless revolution in the history of man in recent years'
A:-Only (i)
B:-Only (ii)
C:-Only (iii)
D:-All of the above (i), (ii) and (iii)
Answer:- Option-B

Question95:-Consider the following statements about Malayali Memorial. Which of them is/are correct?
(i)    K.P.Sankara Menon, Dr. Palpu and G.P. Pillai played key role in drafting the petition
(ii)   Dr. Palpu published a pamphlet, 'Travancore for Travancoreans'
(iii)  A delegation led by K.P. Sankara Menon presented  the memorial to Mahraja on
       January 11, 1891.
A:-Only (i) and (ii)
B:-Only (ii) and (iii)
C:-Only (i) and (iii)
D:-All of the above (i), (ii) and (iii)
Answer:- Option-C

Question96:-Who is the Chairperson of National Human Rights Commission?
A:-Rajiv Jain
B:-Vijay Sampla
C:-Rekha Sarma
D:-Arun Kumar Mishra
Answer:- Option-D

Question97:-From which of the following state in India a unique set of fossilised Dinosaur eggs were discovered recently?
A:-Madhya Pradesh
Answer:- Option-A

Question98:-Which of the following statements about United Nations Organizations is/are correct?
(i)  The UN charter was drawn up in San Francisco in 1945
(ii)  German is one of the official languages of UNO
(iii) The International Court of Justice has fifteen judges elected for a term of ten years
A:-Only (i)
B:-Only (ii)
C:-Only (iii)
D:-Only (i) and (iii)
Answer:- Option-A

Question99:-Four deserts and the continents in which they are are located are given below. Find out the correct matching
(a)  Kalahari              (1)  Australia
(b)  Atacama             (2)  Asia
(c)  Gobi                   (3)  South America
(d)  Great victoria      (4)   Africa
A:-(a)-(1), (b)-(4), (c)-(2), (d)-(3)
B:-(a)-(4), (b)-(3), (c)-(2), (d)-(1)
C:-(a)-(3), (b)-(4), (c)-(1), (d)-(2)
D:-(a)-(3), (b)-(1), (c)-(2), (d)-(4)
Answer:- Option-B

Question100:-Considering the benefits of GST to a consumer, which of the following statements is/are correct?
(i)  Uniform prices throughout the country
(ii)  Complex tax system
(iii) Transparency in taxation system
(iv) Increase unemployment
A:-Only (i) and (ii)
B:-Only (iii) and (iv)
C:-Only (i) and (iii)
D:-All of the above (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
Answer:- Option-C

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