Rivers in Kerala Part - 2


  • Second largest river in Kerala.
  • It flows about 209 Km in Kerala.
  • Bharathapuzha originates from Annamalai hills in Western Ghats of Tamilnadu and flows westwards through Palakkad via Coimbatore.
  • The old name of Bharathapuzha - Perar
  • Kannadipuzha is one major tributary of Bharathapuzha and it is also known as Chittur river
  • Kunthipuzha which is a tributary of Bharathapuzha flows through Silent Valley National Park in Kerala.
  • It is the least polluted river in Kerala. (Kunthipuzha)
  • Bharathapuzha flows through Palakkad, Thrissur, and Malappuram and also known as Nila
  • It flows into the Arabian Sea at Ponnani
  • In Chittur, Bharathapuzha is known  Sokanasini. This name was given by Thunjath Ramanujan Ezhuthachan
  • Malampuzha dam is the largest dam built across Bharathapuzha.
  • Kerala Kalamandalam (Cheruthuruthy) is situated on the banks of Bharathapuzha.
  • Thirunnavaya, a place which is famous for 'Mamankam' is also located on the banks of Bharathapuzha
  • Ganga of Kerala 
  • Garden of Kerala - Malampuzha
  • The architect of the statue " Malampuzha  Yakshi "- Kanai Kunjiraman  
  • First Mamangam " AD 829"
  • Last Mamankam "1755"

Major Tributaries of Bharathapuzha

  • Thutha Puzha
  • Gayathri Puzha
  • Kalpathi Puzha
  • Kannadi Puzha
  • Kunthi Puzha
Thutha Puzha originates from Silent Valley
Killikurussi Mangalam, the birthplace of Kunchan Nambiar is situated near to this river
This river occupies the most number of irrigation projects 
Longest bridge across this river is Mayyannur Bridge (1.25 Km)

Dams in Bharathapuzha

  • Malampuzha Dam
  • Walayar Dam
  • Mangalam Dam
  • Pothundi Dam
  • Meenkara Dam
  • Chulliyar Dam
  • Thirumoorthy Dam
  • Aliyar Dam
  • Upper Aliyar
  • Chittur Puzha Dam
  • Kanhirapuzha Dam

Exam Points:

Novilest of Nila - M T Vasudevan  Nair
Poet of Nila - P  Kunjiraman Nair


  • It is the third largest river in Kerala
  • Pamba runs for 176 Km
  • Pamba is also known as "Dakshin Bhagirathi"
  • An ancient name of Pamba is "Baris"
  • Sabarimala is located on the banks of Pamba.
  • Pamba originates from Pulachi Malai hills in Peerumedu plateau in the Western Ghats
  • It falls into Vembanad Lake
  • Perunthenaruvi waterfalls is a famous
  • Thottappally spillway and Thanneer Mukkam barrage were constructed for the protection of Kuttanad.
  • It flows through Pathanamthitta district and the Kuttanad area of Alappuzha
  • The largest Christian conference in Asia Maraman Convention conducted every year in the month of February at Kozhencheri on the bank of Pamba River.
  • The famous Hindu conference is conducted on the bank of Pamba

 Exam Points:

The lifeline of Medieval Travancore
Sacred river of Kerala
Gift of Pamba River – Kuttanad
The lowest latitude in India – Kuttanad
Fishbowl of Kerala – Kuttanad
Netherlands of Kerala – Kuttanad
Famous for backwater tourism – Kuttanad
Rice bowl of Kerala – Kuttanad
Festival in the water – Aranmula uthrattathi vallam Kali

Major Tributaries of Pamba

  • Achankovilar
  • Manimalayar
  • Cherukolpuzha
  • Kakki puzha

Hydro Electric Power project in Pamba

  •    Sabarigiri and Kakkad 

Dams in Pamba

  • Kakki and Maniyar dams

  • It is the fourth largest river in Kerala.
  • Its length is 169 Km.
  • It originates from Elambaleri hills of Wayanad
  • Falls into the Arabian sea
  • It is also known as Bepoor Puzha
  • The most polluted river of Kerala
  • The company responsible for the pollution of the chaliyar is Mavoor Gwalior Rayons
  • Flows through Wayanad, Malappuram and Kozhikode
  • Gold extractions in Kerala were found on the banks of Chaliyar river.
  • It flows through the  teak forests of Nilambur
  • Nilambur, Idavanna, Mavoor, Ferok, Bepoor are some of the famous places on the banks of Chaliyar.
Major Tributaries of Chaliyar
  • Cherupuzha
  • Iruvanjipuzha
  • Kuthirapuzha
  • Kuruvanpuzha
  • Karimpuzha
  • Pandipuzha

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