Geography of Kerala

Kerala is located on the South West edge of India. It is a narrow strip of land and lies between the Western Ghats mountain range on the Eastern side and the Arabian Sea on the Western.

Geographical Location of Kerala : 

  • Latitudinally it lies between 8 0 17' 0 11  N and 12 0 47 1 40 11  N
  • Longitudinally in between  74 0 27 1 40 11 E and 77 0 27 1 12 11 E
  • Kerala covers  1.18% of the total area of India
  • In the area, Kerala ranks 22 among the Indian States.
  • In Population Kerala ranks 13 among Indain States.
  • Boundary States: Tamil Nadu, Karnataka

Exam Points

  • God's own country: Kerala
  • Spice Garden of India: Kerala
  • Land of Lagoons and Backwaters: Kerala
  • Political Laboratory of India: Kerala

Physical Features:

 Kerala is divided into three regions:
  1. Eastern Highlands
  2. Central Midlands
  3. Western Coastal Plains

Eastern Highlands

  • Slop down from  the Western Ghats
  • Also known as Sahyadri
  • Around 48% of the total land is occupied by the Eastern Ghats
  • The highest peak in peninsular India Anamudi ( 2695m/8841 feet)
  • UNESCO includes western Ghats in their "World Heritage Center" on July Ist 2012.
  • Length of Western Ghat is 1600 KM
  • During Sangam period, this region was known as Kurunji and Mullai.
  • Inhabitants of Kurunji were known as Vettuvar and Mullai were known as Ayar or Idayar.
  • Forest resources are large in this region
  • The Western Ghats join with eastern ghats at Nilgiri in Tamilnadu
  • The Western Ghats passes through six states( Gujarat, Goa, Kerala, Maharastra, Karnataka, Tamilnadu)
  • Most of the rivers in Kerala originate from the Western Ghats
  • Wayanad Plataue is an extension of Deccan Plataue
  • Annamalai, Nelliyambathi, Periyar, Agasthyar hills are the parts of Eastern Highlands
  • Madhav Gadgil  committee appointed by the Central Government for the protection of Western Ghats
  • Kasthuri Rangan committee appointed by the central government to study the report of Madhav Gadgil
  • Umman V Umman committee appointed by State government to study about Gadgil and Kasthuri Rangan report

Central Midlands

    • Central Midlands lies between the Eastern Highlands and Western Coastal plains
    • Midland region occupies 40 % of the total area of  Kerala
    • Most of the paddy fields of Kerala belongs to central Midlands
    • Midland region of Northern Kerala is characterized by Laterite Soil 
    • Laterite of Angadipuram was declared as a" Geological Monument by the Geological Survey of India"
    • During Sangam period this region is known as Marutham and Uzhavar were the inhabitants there.
    • Tapioca and Banana are major crops in this region.

    Western Coastal Plains

    • Western Coastal plains are also known n as  Low lands.
    • The low region occupies 10 % of the total land area
    • It is the Westernmost region bordered by the Arabian Sea
    • During Sangam period, this region was known as Neithal
    • The inhabitants were known as Paravar and Meenavar
    • The area where the backwater joins with the sea is called Azhi
    • The temporary sandbar the separates the backwater from the sea is called Pozhi 

    Exam Points

    • The district with the largest coastal area - Kannur
    • The district with the least coastal area - Kollam
    • The thaluk which has the longest coastal line - Cherthala (Alappuzha)
    • In Kerala where cultivation is done below sea level- Kuttanad (lies about 0.5 m  to 1.5 m)
    • Kuttanad is known as "Gift of River Pamba"
    • Which corporation in Kerala, has no coastal line -Thrissur
    • Number of districts having the coastal area in Kerala -
    • Longest drive in beach in Kerala - Muzhzppilangadi ( Kannur- 4km)

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