Biosphere Reserves of India

The Indian government has established 18 biosphere reserves in India.

Name: Great Rann of Kutch

Location: Part of Kutch, Morbi, Surendranagar and Patan Districts. It is the largest Biosphere Reserve in India.

State: Gujarat

Type: Desert

Area (km²): 12454

Key fauna: Indian wild ass

Name: Gulf of Mannar

Location: Indian part of Gulf of Mannar extending from Rameswaram island in the North to Kanyakumari in the South of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka

State:Tamil Nadu

Type: Coasts

Area (km²): 10500

Key fauna: Dugong
Name: Sundarbans

Location: Part of delta of Ganges and Brahmaputra river system

State: West Bengal

Type: Gangetic Delta

Area (km²): 9630

Key fauna: Royal Bengal tiger
Name: Cold Desert

Location: Pin Valley National Park and surroundings;Chandratal and Sarchu & Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary

State: Himachal Pradesh

Type: Western Himalayas

Area (km²): 7770

Key fauna:Snow leopard
Name: Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve

Location: Parts of Chamoli District, Pithoragarh District & Bageshwar District

State: Uttarakhand

Type: Western Himalayas

Area (km²): 5860

Key fauna: Snow Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear
Name: Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

Location: Part of Waynad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and Mudumalai, Nilambur, Silent Valley

State: Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka

Type: Western Ghats

Area (km²): 5520

Key fauna: Nilgiri tahr, Tiger, lion-tailed macaque
Name: Dihang-Dibang

Location: Part of Siang and Dibang Valley

State: Arunachal Pradesh

Type: Eastern Himalaya

Area (km²): 5112

Key fauna:Mishmi Takin, Musk Deer

Name: Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve

Location: Parts of Betul District, Hoshangabad District and Chhindwara District

State: Madhya Pradesh

Type: Semi-Arid

Area (km²):  4981.72

Key fauna:Giant squirrel, flying squirrel
Name: Seshachalam Hills

Location: Seshachalam Hill Ranges covering parts of Chittoor and Kadapa districts

State: Andhra Pradesh

Type: Eastern Ghats

Area (km²): 4755

Key fauna:Slender Loris
Name: Simlipal

Location: Part of Mayurbhanj district

State: Odisha

Type: Deccan Peninsula

Area (km²): 4374

Key fauna:Gaur, royal Bengal tiger, Asian elephant
Name: Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve

Location: Part of Annupur, Dindori and Bilaspur districts

State: Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh

Type: Maikala Hills

Area (km²): 3835

Key fauna: Four-horned antelope, Indian wild dog, Sarus crane, White-rumped vulture, Philautus (Sacred grove bush frog)
Name: Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve

Location: Neyyar, Peppara and Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary and their adjoining areas

State: Kerala, Tamil Nadu

Type: Western Ghats

Area (km²): Nilgiri tahr, elephants

Key fauna: 3500.08
Name: Panna

Location: Part of Panna District and Chhatarpur District

State: Madhya Pradesh

Type: Catchment Area of the Ken River

Area (km²): 2998.98

Key fauna:Tiger, chital, chinkara, sambhar and sloth bear
Name: Manas

Location: Part of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamrup and Darrang Districts

State: Assam

Type: Eastern Hills

Area (km²): 2837

Key fauna:  Asiatic Elephant, Tiger, Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, Golden Langur, pygmy hog

Name: Khangchendzonga

Location: Parts of Kangchenjunga

State:  Sikkim

Type: East Himalayas

Area (km²): Snow leopard, red panda

Key fauna:2620
Name: Great Nicobar

Location: Southern most islands of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

State: Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Type: Islands

Area (km²): 885

Key fauna: Saltwater crocodile
Name: Nokrek

Location: In west Garo Hills

State: Meghalaya

Type: Eastern hills

Area (km²):

Key fauna:Red panda
Name: Dibru-Saikhowa

Location: Part of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts

State: Assam

Type: Eastern Hills

Area (km²):  765

Key fauna:  white-winged wood duck, water buffalo, black-breasted parrotbill, tiger, capped langur

No comments:

Post a Comment