Cyber Law

Cyber law is the part of the overall legal system that deals with the Internet, cyberspace, and their respective legal issues. 
Generically, cyber law has been referred to as the Law of the Internet.

Information Technology Act - (IT Act) 

Cyber laws are contained in the Information Technology Act, 2000 (“IT Act”) which came into force on October 17, 2000. 

The main purpose of the Act is to provide legal recognition to electronic commerce and to facilitate filing of electronic records with the Government.

The Act has been drawn from the Model Law on Electronic Commerce adopted in 1996 by UN Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL). 

The Information Technology Act, 2000 essentially deals with the following issues:
  • Legal Recognition of Electronic Documents
  • Legal Recognition of Digital Signatures
  • Offenses and Contraventions
  • Justice Dispensation Systems for cyber crimes.
IT Act 2000 was signed by the former President of India R.K. Narayanan

IT Act 2000 originally contains 94 sections, 19 chapters and 4 schedules

IT Act defines Cyber crimes and prescribed penalties. This act was amended by parliament on 2002, 2006 and 2008.

Major amendments to IT Act 2000 was introduced in the form of IT  (amendment) Act 2008, which came in to effect on October 27, 2009. Both parliament passed by December 23rd ,24th 2008

Presidential assent on Feb 5th 2009

Act consists of 124 Sections, 14 chapters

Institution to detect, defend or registers cyber crime involved in India - CERT-IN

CERT – IN—Indian Computer Emergency Response Team
  • Which country has a Cyber law in South Asia - India
  • First implemented Nation  - China
  • First Democratic Nation   - South Korea

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